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下公车用 Get off、下计程车却是 Get out of

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发布于:2020-06-14
下公车用 Get off、下计程车却是 Get out of

看到 Robert 赶进办公室,Diana 调侃:「又迟到啦?」Robert 不好意思的回答:「You got me!」Diana 不放过他,追问:「这个月迟到几次了啊?」只见 Robert 抓了抓头,回说:「You got me there!」

Get 是一个很好用的字,美国人在日常生活中,经常会以 get 搭配其他单字,形成相当口语的说法。譬如前面的「You got me!」和「You got me there!」,看起来差不多,语意却要看上下文才能断定。

Get 最常出现的四种用法

Get 只有三个字母,几乎没有人会拼错,但光是做为及物动词,在 Yahoo! 奇摩字典里的解释就多达 17 个,可想而知,它被用在句子里时,出错的机率超高。

不信的话,试试以下四句:

1. 再五分钟我们就该下火车了。

(X)We should get out of the train in five minutes.
(O)We should get off the train in five minutes.

2. 请尽早抵达车站接他们。

(X)Please get the station to pick them up as soon as you can.
(O)Please get to the station to pick them up as soon as you can.

3. 所有材料都準备好了,我们开始吧!

(X)All the materials are prepared. Let’s get starting!
(O)All the materials are prepared. Let’s get started!

Get 后面常用 ing 型态的分词,像 get going/get voting,为什幺后面加 start 时要用 started 呢?

4. 玛丽和她在德国认识的男人结婚了。

(X)Mary got married a man she met in Germany.
(O)Mary married a man she met in Germany.

Get married to 和 marry 在意思上有一点差别,前者更强调展开一段婚姻关係(to begin a legal relationship with someone as their husband or wife),所以经常有时间/仪式指涉:

例如:When are you getting married? (你何时结婚?)

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